Anything that hinders the bladder from emptying out completely or causes an irritation in the urinary tract can cause a UTI or urinary tract infection. There are several risk factors that may make you more susceptible to this condition.
Kidney stones, an enlarged prostate and certain types of cancer can cause a blockage anywhere along the urinary tract. This obstructs the flow of urine and makes it difficult to empty the bladder.
Wiping from the rectal area towards the urethra after going to the bathroom can cause bacteria to get deposited at the urethra, resulting in an infection.
Not Urinating After Sex
During intercourse, bacteria from the colon pass into the bladder because of pressure on the urinary tract. In most cases these bacteria are expelled naturally by the body within twenty four hours. Sometimes however, some bacteria get left behind on the bladder causing an infection.
High Blood Sugar
High blood sugar in the body provides an optimum environment for pathogens to feed on and thrive. Diabetics are at higher risk for UTI.
Using A Diaphragms
Many women use diaphragms without any problems at all. However, some studies have shown that women who use diaphragms are more susceptible. This happens when the diaphragm puts pressure on the urethra. The additional pressure affects the flow of urine and prevents the bladder from emptying out completely.
Women Are More Susceptible
Urinary tract infections are more common in women than in men. This is because the urethra is shorter in women. While men too may suffer from UTI symptoms, it is not as common.
During menopause, a woman’s estrogen levels are reduced drastically. This alters the bacterial composition in the vagina, increasing the chances of getting UTI.
Using Bladder Catheters For Extended Periods Of Time
A bladder catheter is a narrow flexible tube that is inserted into the bladder to facilitate the flow of urine. This is typically used as a solution when someone is experiencing difficulty urinating normally. The catheter acts as a passageway for the urine to drain out from the bladder into a specially designed container. While this may be a necessary solution, when it is used for extended period of time, it can increase the risk of a urinary tract infection.
Use Of Latex Condoms
Many people use latex condoms without any problems but in some people it causes excessive friction during intercourse. This excessive friction irritates the walls of the vagina and increases the risk of UTI.
Spermicides cause skin irritation and increases susceptibility in women who are sensitive to them.