Septated ovarian cyst or complex ovarian cyst does not necessarily mean cancer. But it can become malignant and turn into cancer if left undetected and untreated for a long period of time. Unlike simple ovarian growths or tumors which can disappear on its own, septated ovarian cyst is a serious condition which should not be taken lightly.
The most common symptoms of the presence of any abnormal growth in the ovaries are the dull lingering pain in the lower abdomen and a sore feeling in the pelvic area. Some women act too late because they often mistake these pains as menstrual cramps. When the cyst twists on itself, it can cause excruciating pain. Often times, depending on its size, bleeding and pain during intercourse are also noted. The growth rate of the mass or cyst varies. Some can develop into 2-4 inch sacs while some may grow exponentially and would weigh from a kilogram to three. As a result, the subject often feels bloated and heavy. General fatigue is also one of the most common complaints. The cysts can also push the adjacent organs and affect the normal blood circulation. It can damage organs because they limit the supply of fresh oxygenated blood to them.
Manual pelvic examinations are often done initially to determine presence of any suspected abnormal ovarian growth. To get a much accurate diagnosis, ultrasound scan or MRI is employed to determine accurately the location, size and the thickness of the membranes of the septated ovarian cysts. The thickness of the walls is a determining factor whether the cyst is malignant or benign. Ultrasound scan can see if the components of the sacs are solid, liquid or both. Ultrasound scan and MRI can also identify endometriosis, a condition where in the tissues surrounding the uterus grows outside and causes endometriomas, a form of septated ovarian cyst. To come up further with the final and accurate diagnosis, a pregnancy test and endometriosis test are done. Symptoms of septated ovarian cysts often resemble that of pregnancy.
Septated ovarian cysts often require surgery. After the mass has been removed, it will be subjected to a biopsy to determine if it is malignant or benign. As a precautionary measure some doctors prescribe a course of oral chemo therapy drugs to women who have undergone surgical removal of cysts and routine examinations.
The modern medical approach nowadays is prevention and early detection. Women should educate themselves about the disease and how to prevent it. Early detection will enable the doctors to act quickly before the condition would escalate to alarming status.