This specific type of cancer is caused when there is a growth of cancerous cells in the testicular region. Sometimes, it also happens that the growth happens someplace else in the body and eventually reaches the area of the testicles.
The lymph nodes are where these cancerous eventually land up. In some cases, complications arise in the lungs and stomach. If by chance, the cancer cells spread to these parts, nodes get created in these parts which tend to destroy the body.
2 types of testicular cancer have been identified:
The names given above are actually the names of the cancerous cells which cause the cancer.
Testicular cancer is one of those cancers whose exact cause is yet to be identified. What has been observed over the years is the steady rise in the number of people getting identified with testicular cancer. A large number of these patients have been noticed to have undescended testicles. Undescended testicles are usually present since birth and may be one of the causes for this type of cancer.
Some noticeable characteristics common in all these cases are:
* People from an affluent background.
* People who have contracted orchitis.
* Impotency may also cause this.
There are many myths and confusion related to testicular cancer. Some people assume that if a person has undergone vasectomy, he is at a bigger risk of contracting testicular cancer. Others feel that an injury to the scrotum or groin area leads to testicular cancer. These are definitely not the causes for testicular cancer. The actual reasons have not been discovered yet.
There are some symptoms associated with testicular cancer:
* The lower scrotum area feels really heavy. Similar to being pulled down.
* There is noticeable pain all around the testicles area.
* It may be accompanied by a dull ache in the lower testicular area.
* There is a general feeling of lethargy all the time.
Is a person is experiencing any of these symptoms, it is recommended to take an appointment with a doctor at the earliest. If the diagnosis and the treatment is started in time, the patient has a much better shot at getting fully cured.
There are some symptoms seen in patients in the advanced stages of the cancer:
* A person may cough out blood.
* Problems in breathing.
* There is noticeable pain in the back.
The usual path taken by doctors is to get rid of the testicle that has been affected by cancer. This obviously has effects on the future sex life of a man. In other advanced cases, doctors also resort to chemotherapy and radiation before and after the operation.