Skin Cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the skin and unless diagnosed and treated timely could prove to be fatal. It is important that an individual is able to recognize the signs and symptoms of skin cancer so that a doctor is contacted on time. Skin Cancer exhibits several symptoms that can be noticed by the patient and help in early diagnosis of the disease.
Skin cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in United States. Skin cancer is categorized into two main types, melanoma and non-melanoma. Melanoma is a rare form of skin cancer and is difficult to cure. It spreads through the body quite rapidly if not diagnosed in time.
Manifestation of malignancy on the skin can be of various types. Skin cancer is mostly visible as some kind of change on the skin, such as a sore or growth that does not heal easily. At times it is manifested in the form of lumps that are smooth, shiny or reddish in color. It may also manifest as a flat red spot that could be rough or scaly. Even though all changes in the skin are not indicative of skin cancer, it is advisable to contact a medical practitioner for confirmed diagnosis.
Many a time it is seen that melanoma originates from or near a mole. American Academy of Dermatology has specified moles that could lead to malignancy. Asymmetric moles, are ones in which one half of the mole does not match the other half. They have at times irregular borders, which are blurred or ragged. Pigmentation is also not uniform making it look mottled and blotchy. These moles are found to have a width of more than 6 mm. Symptoms and signs differ for each individual and only a doctor will be able to give a proper diagnosis.
It is possible to cure non-melanoma cancer because of various advancements in this field. Prevention of the skin cancer is possible by avoiding exposure to the sun for a long time.