Testicular cancer is cancer of the reproductive glands located in the scrotum of the male body that starts in the testicles. As with any other cancer, the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown at this time. However, there are several risk factors that can make one more susceptible to the development of testicular cancer.
Researchers know that there is no link between a vasectomy and testicular cancer. However, these are other factors that can be associated with the development of testicular cancer:
Abnormal development of the testes
History of undescended testicle (s)
History of testicular cancer
Exposure to certain chemicals
Exposure to HIV
Higher socio-economic groups
In males between the ages of 15 and 35, this type of cancer is most common; However, it still can occur in the older male but will rarely occur in males younger than 15. Some studies have shown that there is a certain gene located in the male body and can be inherited from generation to generation, which can cause this type of cancer. This is the possible reason why brothers can develop the disease or sons of a man who has this type of cancer may also develop the disease.
This type of cancer is one of the most treatable forms of cancer. It is also the most curable form of cancer. The survival rate for men who have the least aggressive type of this type of cancer, called early stage seminoma, is 95%. For stage II and stage III this type of cancer, the disease-free rate is slightly lower; This depends on the type of cancer and the stage that the cancer was in when the patient began to receive treatment.
This cancer can spread to other parts of the body if it is not caught early enough. Areas where it can spread include abdomen, lungs, spine, and the retroperitoneal area (the area located around the kidneys). Other complications can include infection and bleeding after surgery, and infertility.
What to Do – If you think that you may have or that you are at risk for developing this cancer, contact your physician as soon as possible. A physician can order tests that will help to determine whether you have this cancer or not. Remember, the sooner you catch the cancer, the better the chances for treatment, cure, and less chance there is that it will spread to any other area of the body.
Another tip that you may want to take into consideration is that if you believe that you are at risk for developing this cancer and you are of child-bearing age, you may want to consult with your physician about freezing your sperm for later use.
You should perform a monthly self-examination to detect the development of this cancer. This will help you to notice any signs early and to help catch the cancer in the early stages.