Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare liver disease which involves clotting of blood in the hepatic veins, thereby producing mild to severe liver damage. Blood disorders like myeloproliferative diseases, polycythemia and sickle-cell disease; liver cancer; structural obstruction in the inferior vena cava; infections; liver trauma; phlebitis; and the use of immuno-suppressive drugs and oral contraceptives, are the known causes of this condition. Common symptoms include ascites, liver and spleen enlargement, pain in the liver area, nausea and vomiting, weight loss, vomiting of blood, and swelling of lower limbs.
Most patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome need surgery or anti-clotting medication to remove the block in their veins. Ayurvedic medicines may be given in addition, to treat the symptoms, help in removing the block in the veins, and prevent permanent damage to the liver. Medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Triphala-Guggulu, Medohar-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Tamra-Bhasma, Ras-Sindur, Malla-Sindur, Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Sharpunkha (Tephrosia purpurea), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Sunthi (Zinziber officinalis), Marich (Piper nigrum), Pippali (Piper longum), Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica), Chavya (Piper retrofractrum), Lashuna (Allium sativum), Yava-Kshar, Mulak-Kshar, Pashanbhed (Bergenia lingulata), Apamarga (Achyranthus aspera) and Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa) can be used to remove the venous obstruction. These medicines also help in reducing liver and spleen enlargement.
Nausea and vomiting can be treated using medicines like Laghu-Sutshekhar, Vishwa, Shankh-Bhasma, Praval-Bhasma, Praval-Panchamrut-Ras and Shankh-Vati. The vomiting of blood can be prevented and treated using medicines like Chandrakala-Ras, Kamdudha-Ras, Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Vasa (Adhatoda vasaka), Laxa (Purified wax), Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea) and Sphatic-Bhasma. Swelling of the lower extremities can be treated using medicines like Gokshuradi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Ikshumool (Saceharum officinarum), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus) and Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris). Medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Yashtimadhuk, Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba) and Suvarna-Sutshekhar are used to prevent permanent damage to the liver.
Ayurvedic medicines can thus be used to reduce the severity of symptoms in Budd-Chiari syndrome, prevent long-term complications and improve the long-term survival.